Thursday, June 11, 2020

Personal Perception of Organized Crime - Free Essay Example

Personal Perception of Organized Crime University of Phoenix CJA/393 Organized Crime By Magdalena Enger September 12, 2010 Personal perception of organized crime American organized crime history goes back as far as the colonial period when pirates were considered to be the first organized criminals in America. However, many historians believe that 1920s Chicago and New York gangs were the true beginning of these criminal families. Even though definite dates have never been established, organized crime has become extremely advanced. It is one of the most structured, dangerous, very hard to detect and even harder to fight against. Modern organized crime is a major issue in the United States and one of the toughest to deal with by law enforcement. Organized criminals are very dangerous individuals who have no known limits and they will do anything necessary to achieve their goals, to profit and gain power by any means available to them. Many individuals portray organized crime as cr imes that are shown by the media on television or in the movies such as â€Å"The Godfather†, â€Å"American Gangster† or â€Å"The Sopranos. The media gives society ideas about the lifestyles and activities that individuals associated with organized crime groups engage in. This perception is limited and not nearly close to reality. My perception of organized crime is one of violence, deception, intimidation, and blackmail to benefit the group. Also their involvement in prostitution, street drugs, gambling, politics, and money laundering to achieve power and respect. This includes but does not imply any limits to terrorists, gangs, and mafia. Organized crime is defined as an illegal activity that involves a group of at least three people (two members and a leader). The leader is a person who makes the rules and gives orders to members. Members are assigned to specific jobs depending on their skills. Organized criminals engage in illegal activities that permit their leaders to earn profits or control territories or markets, internal or foreign, by means of violence, intimidation or corruption. In organized crime the leader is isolated from direct engagement in criminal activities. So called â€Å"dirty jobs† are carried out by members of the organized crime group. Crime syndicates, mafia families and gangs prove their loyalty to their leader and organization by fulfilling their obligations to the group. Cartels, mafias, gangs, syndicates, and triads are some of organized crime groups. All these groups do not tolerate competition that is why they fight for monopolization in their field (such as drug trafficking). Organized crime has a number of characteristics. The main goal is to gain profit, power, respect, pride, and protection. Organized crime groups supply illegal goods and services such as drugs or prostitution that many people crave and are willing to pay for. Another characteristic of organized crime is a hierarchical struc ture as a business that has a boss (leader), an advisor who works closely with the boss, a crew leader who runs group members, and members who carry out a wide range of assigned tasks, from collecting money, dealing and trafficking drugs, prostitution, gambling, money laundering, racketeering, extortion and killing people. Another characteristic of organized crime groups is limited or exclusive membership, which is awarded by the leader. According to Lyman and Potter â€Å"this characteristic refers to ethic background, kinship, race, long time friendship, or other variables that make the recruit an attractive candidate for membership† (2007, p. 7). In conclusion, organized crime may be a great way to get reach and powerful for some people. However, once person becomes a member of any organized crime group he or she is committed to a full loyalty to a leader and organization. Only one mistake on the part of a member may jeopardize their love once or their own well being . Affiliates designate their life to the so called â€Å"criminal families†, and in exchange they get money and respect. References: Lyman, M. D. , Potter, G. W. (2007). Organized crime (4th ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Mallory, S. L. (2007). Understanding organized crime. Sudbury MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Rwandan Genocide The United States, France and the...

Rwandan Genocide: The United States, France and the Failure of the UN Security Council. Between the months of April and July in 1994 approximately one million people were killed in Rwanda. There are three ethnic groups in Rwanda, Hutu, Tutsi, and Aboriginal Twa. The genocide occurred between two different groups, the Hutu and Tutsi people. The Hutu composed close to 85% of the population while the minority Tutsi people make up approximately 14% with the Twa people composing the remaining 1%. The Republic of Rwanda like most African nations has a history of colonization from different European countries with different and conflicting ideas of governance and how a colony should be developed and used. It can be argued that many of the†¦show more content†¦Other chieftains paid tribute and taxes to this one ruler. Rwandan myth traces back the ruling family of Tutsi to all be related to an original Mwami of divine origin. During this time the Tutsi people were generally considered to live in better conditions than the Hutu with more rights and economic capabilities . Tutsi people generally raised cattle while Hutu people were poor subsistence farmers. Although there was still a socioeconomic difference between the two groups it was still possible for Hutu’s to move up socially if they acquired enough wealth (cattle). â€Å"Rwanda—History, Pre Colonial† African Studies Center n.d. Web. 22 April 2014 Rwanda was later colonized by Germany between 1885 and 1919. Germany formed a region called German East Africa that also included Burundi and Tanganyika. Because of divisions in social class and frequent wars Germany was able to colonize most of this region very easily. German East Africa was about three times the size of mainland Germany. It was used mostly to grow cash crops of coffee and sisal. Although Germany did establish some sort of educational system for the people in its colonies it mostly exploited these people for taxes and labor. German did little to change the social stratification between the Hutu and Tutsi people. Germany actually kept the Mwami system ofShow MoreRelatedThe Rights Of Human Rights1211 Words   |  5 Pagesoutside of their nation’s border depend considerably on the interests of the government, the interactions between the different nations, and the response concluded from the international institution, like the United Nations. As evident throug h the events in Rwanda, all members of the United Nation Security Council expressed their concerns and sadness about the human rights abuses in Rwanda by the Rwandan government, yet, when debating on the course of action, only a minority of the members actually supportedRead MoreAnother Failure Of The Secretariat Was That The Unamir1593 Words   |  7 PagesAnother failure of the Secretariat was that the UNAMIR mission was not supplied with enough resources. (1) The stats of their mission meant that they were only able to â€Å"monitor,† â€Å"assist,† and â€Å"investigate.† Although General Dallaire attempted to get cables through asking for changes in the mission’s mandate and a request for more troops to prevent a massacre, he was in instead given unclear or simple no directions. (11) This left the force unable to defence civilians, and themselves, and gave theRead MoreAn Analysis and Evaluation of the United Nations Peacekeeping Role in Rwanda2919 W ords   |  12 PagesAn Analysis and Evaluation of the United Nations Peacekeeping Role in Rwanda Rwanda is the most shameful example of recent failure by the international community (House of Commons, 1998/99: v). Under the peacekeeping leadership of UN more than 800,000 people were killed in less than 100 days in 1994 (Shawcross 2000). This systematic killing remains a bitter memory for all who witnessed and survived it. Rwandans killed Rwandans, decimating the Tutsi population of the Read MoreU.s. Foreign Policy : The Game Of Plausible Deniability1625 Words   |  7 PagesJohn Shattuck, Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights stated, â€Å"Bosnia was in one of its real crisis modes. The Europeans didn’t want to authorize American air strikes for fear that it would endanger troops, and US was not about to authorize any troops for Bosnia. So it was a terrible stalemate there. And thousands and thousands of Haitian boat people were taking to the high seas and trying to get away from Haiti (PBS, America’s Response) The United States found itself is a precarious positionRead MoreGenocide in Rwanda: international response3465 Words   |  14 Pages000 Tutsi and moderate Hutu were killed in the Rwandan genocide. It was the fastest, most efficient killing spree of the twentieth century. My thesis is that the international community utterly failed to prevent and stop this atrocity. I will focus on numerous interconnected aspects that led to international inaction and also on the main actors, Belgium, the United Nations Secretariat, the United States and France, that knew that there was genocide underway in Rwanda - therefore, they had a responsibilityRead MoreImplementation Of A Nation After A War Essay2103 Words   |  9 Pagesinternational intervention. Peace Keeping refers to the deployment of international personnel to help maintain peace and security in the aftermath of war (Fornta, 2008). Furthermore, peacekeeping according to the United Nations (2016) has proven to be one of the most effect ive tools available to the UN to assist host countries to navigate the difficult path from conflict to peace. The UN peacekeeping is guided by three basic principles i) consent of the parties, ii) impartiality iii) Non-use of force exceptRead MoreThe Effects Of Ignorance By Developed Nations On The Rwandan Genocide Essay3138 Words   |  13 PagesNATIONS ON THE RWANDAN GENOCIDE A Study in History, Lee Ann Yates, Advisor By Sheetal Chakka 00837-0097 13 August 2015 Sheetal Chakka Lee Ann Yates IB Extended Essay 13 August 2015 The Effect of Ignorance by Developed Nations on the Rwandan Genocide The year 1994. A poor, east African country. A fractured government entering a period of drastic turmoil. It was truly the perfect, ideal setting for the biggest genocide in history since that of World War II, the Rwandan Genocide. Much of theRead MoreInternational Security And The Role Of The United Nations3111 Words   |  13 Pages International Security and The Role of the United Nations Efren Francisco Jose Palacios Puma 46077137 Political Sciences 260 Efren Francisco Palacios 46077137 International Security and the Role of the United Nations Introduction Throughout history, there have been a lot of conflicts between countries regarding many different issues such as territory, religion, race, trade, etc. However there was no attempt to create a global organization, or a treaty, or an agreement in order toRead MoreThe United Nations Is An International Organization Created After World War II1738 Words   |  7 PagesThe United Nations is an international organization created after World War II. The United Nations was created with the purpose of preventing another world war; the Allies created the organization after defeating the Axis powers: Germany, Japan and Italy. The U.N established a Security Council that consisted of the war’s winners, including the United States, Great Britain, France, China and Russia. Since the war, there has not been a major conflict between the world powers. In addition, the qualityRead MoreInternational Conflict Resolution And Peace Enforcement1809 Words   |  8 Pagesexpressions of claims to rig hts based on cultural identity and a redefinition of sovereignty which gives states new responsibilities to their citizens and the world community. Along with this, significant efforts have been taken following the end of the war, in relation to international coordination of security policy, hence, the establishment of International Organisations such as the United Nations, in an attempt to keep the peace, and provide resolutions to any future conflict. International

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Emily Dickinson s Poem, Because I Could Not Stop For Death

Emily Dickinson is known for writing poems that relate to death and dying, and the poem â€Å"Because I could not stop for death† is no exception. This is a narrative poem that illustrates the passage from life to death as a carriage ride through a quiet town. In this particular poem, the speaker has already passed away and is remembering what seems to be a fond memory, however that is not revealed till the final stanza. There are only two characters, The speaker and Death. The speaker is a lady who is reminiscing on a carriage ride she took with Death. She conveys her ride in a very light manner, almost as one would of a pleasant first date. Her tone is very calm and she seems almost at ease, as she and Death take a slow ride through town. She introduces Death in the first stanza as if he was a gentleman with manners. Throughout the entire poem Death is personified as a polite man. This is first implied in Line 2 when the speaker says â€Å"he kindly stopped for me-†. Hearing this can also suggest to the readers that the speaker is not afraid of death but perhaps even relieved â€Å"he† had finally arrived. There is no evidence to suggest how this particular lady in the poem died. However in Line 5, when the speaker says, â€Å"We drove slowly- He knew no haste†, could be inferred that she died slowly, maybe from a terminal sickness. As they are riding along they pass children playing in the school yard, fields of grain, and the setting sun. Finally at the end of the poem, they reach theirShow MoreRelatedEmily Dickinson s Poem, Because I Could Not Stop For Death854 Words   |  4 Pages Death is everywhere. From the insect you killed this morning to the family member you lose recently, there is no force stronger than death. Emily Dickinson, a 19th century writer, indulges that fact but also goes beyond it in her work. Dickinson revisits the theme of death in her poetry. Through her work, she shows readers her fascination with de ath the emotions associated with it. In â€Å"I heard a Fly buzz—when I died† and â€Å"I’ve seen a Dying Eye†, Dickinson shows us a very intimate view of a personRead MoreThe Author That I Decided To Discuss The Literary Significance1232 Words   |  5 PagesThe author that I decided to discuss the literary significance is Emily Dickinson. Dickinson was born, raised, and in Amherst, Massachusetts in December 10, 180 and died May 15, 1886 in the same state. Her father was Edward Dickinson, and her mother was also named Emily, Emily Norcross Dickinson. Emily Dickinson went to Mount Holyoke College, a small private school in South Hadley, Massachusetts. She’s known as one of the best American Poet. Emily s poem were frequently perceived by a wide rangeRead MoreAnalysis Of Emily Dickinson s Poem My Life Had Stood- A Loaded Gun 993 Words   |  4 PagesEmily Dickinson is a very famous and accomplished poet with over 1700 published poems. Several of her poems are similar in theme, and also similar in bringing out human emotions that we humans usually try to avoid. The common theme in most of Dickinson s poems is the wonders of nature, and the identity of self, as well as death and life. The five poems with the common theme of death are: â€Å"My Life had Stood- A Loaded Gun†, â€Å"I Heard A Fly Buzz- When I Died†, â€Å"Behind Me Dips- Eternity†, â€Å"Because IRead MoreEmily Dickinson s A Route Of Evanescence And Because I Could Not Stop For Death1167 Words   |  5 PagesEmily Dickinson Emily Dickinson published only a few poems during her time. Her work was only truly discovered after her death of kidney disease in 1886 at the age of fifty-six. Upon her death her sister Lavinia Dickinson found hundreds of poems tied into a book stitched together by Emily. People claim that she is the most original 19th Century American Poet and is now considered one of the towering figures of American literature. Although She is known for her unconventional broken rhyming meterRead MoreEmily Dickinson : The Point When A Reader1749 Words   |  7 PagesHorieh Introduction to Literature Professor Knoernschild November 27, 2015 Emily Dickinson At the point when a reader hears the name Emily Dickinson, they consider a female who composed verse that has been surely understood for a considerable length of time and years. Much to their dismay that Emily Dickinson established American Literature, and began an entire unrest of verse. The procedure Dickinson used to keep in touch with her verse was at no other time seen and was the foundationRead MoreEssay on Emily Dickinsons Because I Could Not Stop for Death730 Words   |  3 PagesEmily Dickinsons Because I Could Not Stop for Death Emily Dickinson’s â€Å"Because I could not stop for Death† is a remarkable masterpiece that exercises thought between the known and the unknown. In Dickinson’s poem, â€Å"Because I could not stop Death,† there is much impression in the tone, in symbols and in the use of imagery that over flow with creativity. One might undoubtedly agree to an eerie, haunting, if not frightening, tone and use of symbolism in Dickinson’s poem. Dickinson usesRead MoreTheology Leads to Interpretation1336 Words   |  6 PagesEmily Dickinson’s extensive collection of poems on the subject of death can be better understood individually once time has been taken to view her works as whole. By viewing the works as a whole, it is possible to conclude a likely theological view point of the author and then apply this theology to the individual works in order to improve interpretation. Emily Dickinson’s poem â€Å"Because I could not stop for Death† is one such poem that when viewed individually is open to a wide scope of readingsRead More Death in Emily Dickinsons Because I Could Not Stop for Death, I Heard A Fly Buzz-When I Died, and I Felt A Funeral In My Brain1449 Words   |  6 PagesDeath in Emily Dickinsons Because I Could Not Stop for Death, I Heard A Fly Buzz-When I Died, and I Felt A Funeral In My Brain Emily Dickinsons poems Because I Could Not Stop for Death, I Heard A Fly Buzz-When I Died, and I Felt A Funeral In My Brain all deal with one of lifes few certainties, death. Dickinsons intense curiosity towards mortality was present in much of her work, and is her legacy as a poet. Because I could Not Stop for Death is one of Emily Dickinsons Read MoreAmbiguity of the Concept of Death: a Comparison of ‘Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night?and ‘Because I Could Not Stop for Death1201 Words   |  5 Pagesthought of death? Almost everybody does! However, people have differing views on the abstract idea of dying. In examining the poem Because I Could Not Stop For Death? by Emily Dickinson and Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night? by Dylan Thomas, it is evident that the poets use contrasting and comparative techniques in their unique presentations of the concept of death. In the poem Because I Could Not Stop For Death? Emily Dickinson presents the idea of acceptance of death, whereas in the poem Do NotRead MoreConcept Of Death in ‘Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night versus ‘Because I Could Not Stop For Death1167 Words   |  5 Pagesthought of death? Almost everybody does! However, people have differing views on the abstract idea of dying. In e xamining the poem Because I Could Not Stop For Death? by Emily Dickinson and Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night? by Dylan Thomas, it is evident that the poets use contrasting and comparative techniques in their unique presentations of the concept of death. In the poem Because I Could Not Stop For Death? Emily Dickinson presents the idea of acceptance of death, whereas in the poem Do Not

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Famous Office Space Quotes

If you are looking for funny quotations about work or quotes from the movie Office Space, here is a page you will enjoy. These quotes are about working in an office. And they are hilarious! Peter Gibbons: What if were still doin this when were 50?Samir: It would be nice to have that kind of job security.Bob Slydell: What would you say ya do here?Tom Smykowski: Well look, I already told you! I deal with the goddamn customers so the engineers dont have to! I have people skills! I am good at dealing with people! Cant you understand that? What the hell is wrong with you people?Peter Gibbons: Our high school guidance counselor used to ask us what youd do if you had a million dollars and you didnt have to work. And invariably what youd say was supposed to be your career. So, if you wanted to fix old cars youre supposed to be an auto mechanic. Samir: So what did you say?Peter Gibbons: I never had an answer. I guess thats why Im working at Initech.Peter Gibbons: Hes going to ask me to work on Sunday and Im going to do it because Im a pussy, which is why I work at Initech in the first place.Michael Bolton: Hey, I work at Initech and I dont consider myself a pussy.Samir: Yes, I a m also not a pussy.Samir: No one in this country can ever pronounce my name right. Its not that hard: Na-ee-ana-jaad. Nayanajaad.Michael Bolton: Yeah, well at least your name isnt Michael Bolton.Samir: You know theres nothing wrong with that name.Michael Bolton: There was nothing wrong with it... until that no-talent ass clown became famous and started winning Grammys.Samir: Hmm... well why dont you just go by Mike instead of Michael?Michael Bolton: No way! Why should I change? Hes the one who sucks.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Should College Sports Be Banned - 1438 Words

College sports were introduced as intramurals to relieve stress caused by school. These games started out unregulated, injuring many players because the games became too aggressive. As the sports became more popular leagues started that would play other schools. Instead of school taking priority, athletes would skip days of school without having to come back. This lead to a negative impact on grades, which didn’t matter because there were no set rules for athletes. The National College Athletic Association, NCAA, formerly known as the Intercollegiate Athletic Association was founded in 1906. One of the main reasons it was created at this time is because football was almost wiped from colleges for being too dangerous, as were many other sports. Ultimately, they made rules that would protect athletes from being injured or exploited by their coaches or universities. Today the NCAA has many rules that all colleges, athletes, and coaches must abide by. The NCAA label college athletes as amateurs, consequently, they are not paid. Since they are in college they receive this label, only once they play beyond college do they earn compensation as professions. Some of the lucky ones receive full athletic scholarships that pay for the cost of attendance. But if an athlete is injured, the university can take away their Scholarship. Trying to combat this, the NCAA decided to allow colleges to give out multiyear scholarships, so if injuries occur the student wouldn’t have toShow MoreRelatedShould College Sports Be Banned?1301 Words   |  6 PagesOver the last decade college sports have generated more and more money, for themselves and the conferences they’re affiliated with. Division I college sports, most notably football and basketball, provide a huge source of universities’ income. The schools generate revenue from selling tickets, their various television contracts, and merchandise that supports the sport progr ams, along with many other sports related revenue builders. The athletes however, get a scholarship and not much else. WhileRead MoreShould College Sports Be Banned?3055 Words   |  13 PagesToday sports, are no longer fun and games, sports are a business, and college sports are no different. Division I college sports provide a huge source of universities’ income. The school receives money from ticket sales, television contracts, and sport-related merchandise, along with many other sports related revenue builders. The athletes on the other hand, receive their scholarship and little more. While the idea of receiving a free college education is something few would complain about; whenRead MoreThe Possibility of College Sports Being Banned775 Words   |  3 PagesThe first time that I had any type of knowledge about the possibility of college sports being banned was just a few weeks ago inside of my English 101 class. I cannot express how surprise I was when I found this out. Not in a million years I ever would of thought a activity that most athletes live by every day can just go away in a snap of a finger. How could somebody even turn professional if they have not been in the college phase yet? Questions just arise in my head when I hear about this topicRead MoreSports Is A Huge Part Of Our Society879 Words   |  4 PagesSports are a huge part of our society; many people begin watching from a young age, and grew up supporting a favorite sports team. There are even parties at different times of the year as championship seasons role around. Many of us have also participated in sports as well; whether it was when we were children, in high school or college must people have been involved in sports at one time or another. Jay Weiner states how our society needs to talk back sports and lists numerous ways to do so; althoughRead MoreEffects Of Gambling On College Students861 Words   |  4 PagesActivities that are considered gambling are betting on sport s and races, lotteries, card games like blackjack and poker, and casino games like slots and roulette. Bingo and raffles are technically gambling, but there are no major concerns about them, so they are not included here. Though gambling is legal within many states, it is does not make it right for people to engage in such activities. This is especially important, since gambling among college students is constantly growing with the rise of internet-basedRead MoreEffects Of Gambling On College Students861 Words   |  4 PagesActivities that are considered gambling are betting on sports and races, lotteries, card games like blackjack and poker, and casino games like slots and roulette. Bingo and raffles are technically gambling, but there are no major concerns about them, so they are not included here. Though gambling is legal within many states, it is does not make it right for people to engage in such activities. This is especially important, since gambling among college students is constantly growing with the rise of internet-basedRead MoreWhy High School Football Shouldnt Be Banned.984 Words   |  4 PagesRotruck Lyndsey Daniel Comp I MWF 12:00 19 November 2014 Why High School Football Shouldn’t Be Banned. Football, ever since it began, has had the constant question of should it be banned. Footballs origins began back in ancient Greece where even then it was known as a very rough and brutal game. When football came to England it was thought to be so rough that kings Henry II and Henry IV both actually banned it. A lot has changed since those times in history. We now have equipment for the game andRead MoreShould School Athletes Have Drug Tests?1301 Words   |  6 PagesShould School Athletes have to take Drug Tests â€Å"17% of teens drink, smoke, and use drugs during the day in the United States.†(Adler) This is the result of the absence of drug testing in our community, especially in our school. An analysis fact from CDC’s objective Terry Pechacek states that 50 million people do drugs in the united states and 4 million of them are underage and the majority of them are in a high school athletic. Citizens predict that this percentage number will slowly pullulateRead MoreDo not Take Away Football from Schools in Michael Van Der Galiens Article, Dear Americans: Whatever you Do, Dont Ban College Football646 Words   |  3 Pagesarticle titled, â€Å"Dear Americans: Whatever You Do, Don’t Ban College Football,† published May 26, 2012 on, Michael Van Der Galien endeavors his audience the influence of football, and how banning the sport within schools will take away the uniqueness of the sport. Van Der Galien compares football players as â€Å"gladiators †; how gladiators are known to entertain the crowd while hurting one another. No matter how dangerous the sport may be, Van Der Galien is confused on how analyst are shockedRead MoreCollege Athletes : The Masters Of Multitasking1305 Words   |  6 PagesCollege athletes with out a doubt are the masters of multitasking. Not only being able to play there individual sports at a high level but also finding the time to dedicate to there academics and achieve relatively decent grades. The amount of time that they dedicate to there university out on the game field and in the classroom should be deserving of a reward. Some argue that the problem would be that not every school can afford to give college athletes a decent compensation in every sport; for

Principles of Marketing New Product Development Free Essays

string(81) " of women will be less and they have only to manage the wiper with water supply\." UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB GUJRANWALA CAMPUS â€Å"Principles of Marketing† â€Å"MARKETING PROJECT† â€Å"New Product Development† Submitted to: â€Å"Prof. Hafiz Ihsan-ur-Rehman† Submitted By: Usman Khalid Mc09023 Umar Farooq Mc09002 Faraz Raza Mc09040 M. Usman Mc09026 Jahangir Badar Mc09061 Ahmad Khayyam Mc09035 PROJECT CONTENTS 1. We will write a custom essay sample on Principles of Marketing: New Product Development or any similar topic only for you Order Now Segmentation Target Marketing (Characteristics: How Product fit with T. M. ) 2. Product Ideas ,Screening, Concept Development Testing. 3. Demand Estimation 4. Marketing Mix 1) Product 2) Price 3) Placement ) Promotion (Print, Radio T V ads. ) 5) 5. Cost Estimation Variable costFixed cost P. U. P. U. 6. Plant Cost Segmentation Target Marketing Segmentation: â€Å"Dividing a market into smaller groups with distinct needs characteristics or behaviors who might require separate product or marketing mix† Geographic Segmentation: We considered the Punjab as a whole market for our Product and divide the Punjab on the basis of cities e. g. Gujranwala, Lahore, Gujrat. We divide the GRW market on zone basis i. e. Satellite town, Model town, Urdu bazaar, People colony etc. Demographic Segmentation: (on the family size basis) Now we divide the selected urdu Bazar market on the basis of family size. A family whose has ten members need a wiper after six months or replacement of rubber is necessary after three or four months. Target Market: Our product is consumer product and basically for household. Our Targeted Market is Urdu Bazar in which we supply the wip wiper on different shops for sale. Our Targeted Customers are families in which there are five or more family members. Targeted market How wip wiper fit with the Target Market? Our Product Wip wiper is fit with the Targeted market of urdu Bazar because it is a household item and is purchased by the family people. And in Urdu Bazar of Gujranwala people come for purchase of different household items and our product wip wiper has additional quality of water supply so our Stall of product will attract the people and people will buy it due to its additional features. And there are also potential buyers of wiper that purchased the wiper after six months we can also convert these buyer on our product. Our product is consumer product. It is the need of every house and we are providing additional facility in this product i. e. water supply. In the selected targeted market, there will be many customers of product â€Å"WIP WIPPER† So its better market for our product New Product Development â€Å"New Product Development process consist of ideas generation, ideas screening, concept development and testing, business analysis, test market, commercialization and launching the new product in the targeted market. We discuss the four these things relating to our Product of wipe wiper. Now the detailed information of these is under: IDEAS GENERATION Following are the New Product ideas are generated by our Group members. Which are as follows: 1) Create such type of machine, that convert any blood group into required blood group. Just like we want â€Å"O Negative† and we have â€Å"A Positive† then machine will help us to convert our available blood group of â€Å"A Positive† into required â€Å"O Negative† blood group. 2) NOKIA mobile company should create that type of mobile in which translator facility is included. This Mobile Phone will give advantage to the people who are not able to speak different type of languages. ) There should be a wiper with additional qualities of water supply, detergent supply and cleaning the dust smoothly. Due to this product the work of women will be less and they have only to manage the wiper with water supply. You read "Principles of Marketing: New Product Development" in category "Essay examples" 4) PlayStation gaming company should to create that t ype of glasses in which there is facility of watching television and playing different type of games. This type of glasses will provide advantage to the people to watch different types of movies, program and play different type of exciting games during traveling. ) PHILIPS Company should develop remote control system for switching off the TUBE LIGHT when required without movement of the person. 6) Replacement of petrol tank into CNG tank in order to use the CNG instead of petrol in Motorcycles. It will be beneficial to save the petrol and to control the pollution in the environment because CNG is less costly as compared to petrol. 7) GFC fan company should develop that type of ceiling fans that are running with the help of SOLAR system without using electricity. And that fan should use separately its own SOLAR system. ) DOLCE and GABBANA wrist watch company should create that type of wrist watches in which Willkie Talkie facility is included. That gives advantage to the people for c ommunicating with each others within a specific distance. 9) PEPSI company should make Ice Cream products just like FEAST, CORNATO and OTHER similar Ice Creams that gives advantage to the PEPSI company for creating more market share. 10) HONDA motors should make that type of brake system in cars that immediately stop the cars from accidental events. Before any type of accident. 1) There should be a chip which are fix in front of the vehicles and by which the people can pay the TOOL TAX by prepaid accounts. That system will solve the traffic problems. 12) Use of internal device (Bluetooth) in CPU for data sharing IDEA SCREENING â€Å"Idea Screening means screening new-product ideas in order to spot good ideas and drop poor ones as soon as possible†. Next step of new product development process is idea screening in which most suitable ideas with possibilities to develop the new product are selected. Following are the three ideas which are selected by us for new product developm ent. After further verification and availability of resources we will select one of them for actual product development. 1) PHILIPS Company should develop remote control system for switching off the TUBE LIGHT when required without movement of the person. 2) There should be a wiper with additional qualities of water supply, detergent supply and cleaning the dust smoothly. Due to this product the work of women will be less and they have only to manage the wiper with water supply. 3) Use of internal device (Bluetooth) in CPU for data sharing Selected Idea for Project After screening ideas, we are going to develop a wiper with additional qualities of water supply, detergent supply and cleaning the dust smoothly. Due to this product the work of women will be less and they have only to manage the wiper with water supply. As this product will provide the much benefits to the people and there is need for such type of product in the society that will facilitate the women in their working, so there will be many customers for this product. So, our selected idea is the development of the wiper with water supply. CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT TESTING The idea of wipe wiper with additional quality of water supply and supply of detergent for washing and cleaning rooms So, There is no need to separately handle the water pipe and other equipment for washing the rooms and places of houses and offices. This is the concept of the product that might facilitate the cleaning of offices and houses. By observation of time, Group thinking is to develop this idea into actual product. We have discussed the idea of wipe wiper with many people and we have listen favorable words for our product and the potential buyers are agree to buy the new product, if we offer for sale. After satisfying the test market we are in a position to develop the â€Å"WIP WIPPER† Demand Estimation In Gujranwala, there are 2200000 people and when we divide the Gujranwala population on 10 (Average family members in a family) i. e. 2200000/10 =220000 We received 220000 families and there is a need of a wiper after six month or there is need for replacement of rubber. So, we conclude according to above estimation that the demand for our product in Gujranwala will be 220000 or more or less wiper at the start of the business and there will be a decrease in the demand after one month. e considered that our demand will be 220000/6=36666 For expansion of business, we have to go in other cities and for proper running of business, this demand is not sufficient. This Business has attractiveness due to its expanding market. Marketing Mix â€Å"The set of all controllable tactical marketing tools i. e Product, Price, Place and Promotion that the firm blends to produce the respons e it wants in the target market. † Following are the elements of Marketing Mix: PRODUCT Any thing that can be offered to a market for attention, acquisition, use, or consumption that might satisfy a want or need. LEVELS OF PRODUCT Before actual Product, we have to think on the three levels of the product. The more basic level of the product is the core benefit of the product. The second level of the product is actual product level and the last level of the product is to define the product at the augmented level of the product. Now we examine these levels relating to â€Å"WIPE WIPER†. 1:-CORE BENEFIT â€Å"Cleaning in minimum time. † 2:-ACTUAL PRODUCT: Now we turn the core benefit of cleaning in minimum time into actual product and define the product at this level. 1. NAME OF PRODUCT: Wipe wiper 2. FEATURES: Additional water supply of detergent, minimum time consumption, independently replaceable rubber. 3. DESIGN: Rubber of wiper will be in different colors, flexible handle pipe attachment. 4. QUALITY LEVEL: Use of high quality rubber and drying with in minimum time. 5. PACKAGING: It will be in simple packing. 6. BRAND NAME: â€Å"WIPE WIPER† 3:-AUGMENTED LEVEL 1. Facility for replacement of rubber. 2. Warranty within 2 months Product Inputs Following are the main elements which are used to produced the â€Å"WIPE WIPER†. These are 1. WIPER Rubber 2. Steel Sheet 3. Pipe of 4 Feet 4. Ball Wall 5. Spray Paint 6. Rubber Nails . 1 Piece of Nozzle PROCESS OF PRODUCTION Bend steel sheet to capture wiper rubber and then drill the sheet to capture rubber after that prepare wiper pipe and place ball wall and nozzle on it and made supply of water into wiper rubber then fitting and last step is colouring. PACKAGING: It will be in simple packing. LABELING There will only the name of t he brand of the wip wiper in the labeling at the front of the product . PRICING FOR THE NEW PRODUCT â€Å" The amount of money that a consumer has to pay to obtain the product. † Two strategies are used for setting prices for the New product. ? PRICE PENETRATION PRICE SKIMMING Price Penetration: Setting a low price for a new product in order to attract a large number of buyers and a large market share. Price Skimming: Setting a high price for a new product to skim maximum revenues layer by layer from the segments willing to pay the high price; the company makes fewer but more profitable sales. Pricing Strategy for our Product We select penetration pricing because there are enough competition in market. Our product is convenient product. It has certain features which are not available in the market such as water supply, detergent supply etc PLACEMENT OF THE â€Å"WIP WIPPER† We will use indirect marketing channel in the Gujranwala in which product is supplied to the retailer and then to the final user because the targeted market is short and within the city and easily manageable. But when we decide to launch the product outside the city means in an other city Lahore then we use indirect marketing channel (that will be vertical marketing channel) in which we will provide the product to the Distributor and then retailer and finally to the end user LOCAL MARKET OUTSIDE CITY MARKET Cost Estimation We are going to produced 1000 units of wipe wiper. Fixed cost estimation for this purpose is as follow: FIXED COST Plant cost 200000 Estimated life of plant is 10 year so 200000/10=20000 And 20000/12=1667 And1667/1000 so 1. 67 per unit Land cost 10000 per month so 10000/1000=10 so 10 is the per unit land cost. Advertisement Cost25*1000=25000 TOTAL COST |Variable Cost per Unit |= |323 | |Fixed Cost per Unit |= |11. 67 | | |= |334. 7 | |Advertising cost |= |25 | |Total Cost |= |359. 67 | Product PriceRs. 425 TOTAL VARIABLE COST For this the estimated variable product cost is under: |Items |Items name |Cost of input |Total cost | |No. |Per unit | | |1. |WIPER Rubber |50 |50*1000=50000 | |2. |Steel Sheet |30 |30*1000=30000 | | |6/8INCH of pipe 4 Feet |60 |60*1000=60000 | |3. | | | |4. |Ball Wall |100 |100*1000=100000 | |5. |Rubber Nails |5 |5*1000=5000 | |6. |Nozzle |10 |10*1000=10000 | |7. |colour |20 |20*1000=20000 | |8 |Wielding exp. 30 |30*1000=30000 | |9. |Labor cost |10 |10*1000=10000 | |10. |Electricity |3 |3*1000=3000 | |11. | gass |5 |5*1000=5000 | | |Total Cost |323 |323000 | Requirement for human force Labor: 4 skilled people are required for operating Plant and for distribution and sale, we are available. Requirement of Running Capital For proper running of Business there is approximately 500000 rupees are required. ———————– Gujranwala Satellite town Model town Urdu Bazar People colony Satellite town Model town Urdu Bazar People colony MANUFACTURER MANUFACTURER RETAILER Distributer CUSTOMER RETAILER CUSTOMER How to cite Principles of Marketing: New Product Development, Essay examples

Sample Essay Analyzing the Achievements of Fidel Castro

Question- why You are choosing to talk about Fidel castro and his effects on communisim main components? INTRODUCTION Poverty is the clearest impact. The pay rates paid to Cuban specialists under this framework are presumably among the most reduced on the planet. That being said, Cuba is a comrade country in name just. Talking about Fidel Castro would help to understand how they have considered control all the commercial ventures and all the riches, while denying the Cuban individuals opportunity. FIDEL CASTRO Fidel Castro, in full Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (conceived August 13, 1926, close Birn, Cuba), political pioneer of Cuba (19592008) who changed his nation into the first socialist state in the Western Hemisphere. Castro turned into an image of comrade insurgency in Latin America. He held the title of head until 1976 and after that started a long residency as president of the Council of State and the Council of Ministers. He gave over temporary power in July 2006 due to wellbeing issues and formally surrendered the administration in February 2008 (, 2014). ENFORCING COMMUNISM IN CUBA The Batista government was to a great degree degenerate, and ruled with an iron clench hand and was essentially an American upheld tyranny. While Batista and his companions existed in amazing extravagance, the normal Cuban couldn't even encourage their gang. Batista was American sponsored tyrant. He came to power by ousting the chose government, not by decision. Batista additionally had ties with the American Mafia that transformed Cuba into the play area for the super rich and the super degenerate. The 1954 race was a joke - Batista was the main applicant. The 1958 decision was no better. In February 1959, Castro was confirmed as executive of Cuba and affirmed the presentation of a Marxist-Leninist project adjusted to nearby necessities and showed Cuba new hope (, 2014). EFFECT OF COMMUNISM IN CUBA Communism has caused some positive impacts on the economy of Cuba and also on the citizens. Widespread literacy and a decent education for all with one educator for each 10 Cuban understudies, contrasted and one for every 15 in the United States. There are minimal genuine unlawful acts. Fantastic free health awareness framework which draws in patients from the US and somewhere else for medications extending from medication reliance to melanomas, creating more than $40m in income. Newborn child mortality is lower than America's and Cuba has twice the same number of specialists for every 1,000 patients as the US. Today, voyagers from far and wide visit Cuba, arriving basically by means of contract carriers to one of Cuba's seven fundamental air terminals. By a long shot the biggest number originates from Canada, where landings have been expanding by just about 10% every year since 2007. The Cuban government has secured protections intended to guarantee that tourism and other improvemen t don't bring about noteworthy ecological effects (Wiesel, 1968). CONCLUSION In conclusion, due to communism, Cuba has been making various positive changes that is influencing the life of the citizens and also increasing the standard of living in the country. Due to communism, further developments can be made in Tourism and also be committed towards high quality education and other changes in the country. REFERENCES, (2014). Fidel Castro Biography., (2014). Fulgencio Batista, from army sergeant to dictator. Wiesel, I. (1968). Cuban economy after the revolution. Acta Oeconomica, pp.203--220.